Preventing Lateral Movement Attacks in Cybersecurity
What is lateral movement:
Lateral movement refers to the process where an attacker
gains access to one system and then uses that initial access to move laterally
across the network to other systems and steal sensitive information.
Why is this important:
Lateral movement is dangerous to a business because:
It allows attackers to bypass traditional perimeter security
measures, making accessing sensitive data easier.
It puts confidential business information, financial
information, and sensitive government data at risk of theft.
The aftermath of a successful lateral movement attack can
result in significant financial losses, damage to a company's reputation, and
loss of trust from clients and customers.
How is a lateral movement attack executed:
A lateral movement attack is done through several stages:
How do you prevent lateral movement attacks?
- Initial Access: The
attacker gains access to a system, typically through methods such as phishing,
malware, or unpatched vulnerabilities.
- Discovery: The attacker
scans the network to identify other systems and gather information about the
network's structure and users.
- Privilege Escalation: The
attacker then tries to elevate their privileges to administrative-level access
on the systems they have identified.
- Lateral Movement: With
higher privileges, the attacker can move laterally across the network,
accessing systems and data that would otherwise be restricted.
- Data Exfiltration or Encrypting:
The attacker steals sensitive data and removes it from the network, or encodes
the data for ransom.
The attacker may repeat these stages multiple times,
accessing more systems and stealing more data with each iteration. It is
important to note that lateral movement attacks can take place over extended
periods of time, allowing the attacker to go undetected while they gather
information and steal data.
The standard advice is to implement multi-factor
authentication, access control measures, and network segmentation to stop
lateral movement and protect your network.
Multi-factor authentication requires users to provide
multiple forms of identification before accessing the network, such as passwords
and biometrics. Access control measures limit what users can do on the network.
Network segmentation divides your network into smaller, isolated segments,
making it more difficult for an attacker to move laterally across the network
and steal sensitive data.
What’s unique about Cipherise?
Cipherise is different because it prevents lateral movement
Enabling mutual zero trust MFA on every engagement. This
means we cryptographically sign each user and each system with its own set of decentralised
public and private key pairs for each and every service.
The business impact if an attack was successful, is that
they only get access to one user and one system, not all users and all systems.
For a non-technical board member, it means that Cipherise
has contained the attacker, so they can’t get out.
In addition, decentralised means that we don’t capture or
store any secrets, they’re with the end user, on the hardware security module
of their phone.
The events you unfortunately see with other providers losing
client details is impossible with Cipherise. Cipherise never had credentials to
start with. Cipherise can’t lose what it doesn’t have!
Cipherise’s design simplifies the user experience because, at
the simplest level, all the user sees is a QR code which the entire population is
familiar with in a post Covid world.
The genius behind Cipherise, is the decentralisation and
zero trust model. For the end user, it means that it fails if they are on the
receiving end of a phishing attack. There
is no credential to harvest, disarming the phishing process by design. An
unauthorised account can’t access your site because the cryptography is
entangled between the end user and your service. Cipherise has worked out the entanglement
making passwords irrelevant. We’re just the folks who worked this out and
patented it. Welcome to the next generation of user experience, privacy for
users, and risk reduction for boards.
You're welcome !
The attacker may repeat these stages multiple times, accessing more systems and stealing more data with each iteration. It is important to note that lateral movement attacks can take place over extended periods of time, allowing the attacker to go undetected while they gather information and steal data.